Country/Region: Denmark
Published PE Recommendations

The Danish Approach to Standards for Economic Evaluation Methodologies (Manuscript 1997)

Published PE Recommendations Source:

Additional Information:

Alban A, Gyldmark M, Pedersen AV, Søgaard J. The Danish Approach to Standards for Economic Evaluation Methodologies. Pharmacoeconomics. 1997 Dec;12(6):627-36.
Abstract in English

Information up to date as of

Published PE Recommendations Key Features:

Key Features:  
Title and year of the document
The Danish Approach to Standards for Economic Evaluation Methodologies (Manuscript 1997) 
Affiliation of authors
Danish Hospital Institute, University of Copenhagen, University of Odense 
Purpose of the document
Provide guidelines for how health economic analyses should be scoped in relation to application for finansial subsidy 
Standard reporting format included
Provided as a supplementary note 
None declared 
Target audience of funding/ author's interests
Individuals responsible for undertaking economic analysis of pharmaceuticals 
Social perspective 
Not specified 
Target population
It should be clearly defined which patients are expected to be treated with the analysed pharmaceutical 
Subgroup analysis
Not specified 
Choice of comparator
Not specified 
Time horizon
All relevant cost and effects should be identified - no specific time frame formulated 
Assumptions required
Not specified 
Preferred analytical technique
Implicit CEA/CUA 
Costs to be included
All relevant cost - direct, indirect and intangable. Indirect and intangable cost should be reported seprately, and valued on if it is considered relevant. 
Source of costs
Randomised controlled trials, supplemented by long term consequences (models) 
Not specified 
Systematic review of evidences
Not specified 
Preference for effectiveness over efficacy
Not specified 
Preferred outcome measure
Outcome measures relevant to specific treatement recommended (successfull treatments, time without symptoms or pain, life years, quality adjusted life years. Willingness to pay estimates should not be only outcomess but can be used as a supplement 
Preferred method to derive utility
TTO or SG from a representative sample of the population 
Equity issues stated
Not specified 
Discounting costs
Should be done when there are effect and cost consequences over several years. Decisions on discount rate should be made in each analysis and could be focus for sensitivity analysis 
Discounting outcomes
As for cost 
Sensitivity analysis-parameters and range
Should be made to show robustness of analysis conclusion on changes in assumptions, valuation, cost, effect and discounting 
Sensitivity analysis-methods
None specified 
Presenting results
Recommended structure: 1: main results and resume; 2: Introduction; 3: Data material; 4: Analyses; 5: Results, conclusion and discussion; 6: References; 7: Appendix 
Incremental analysis
Not specified 
Total costs vs effectiveness (cost/effectiveness ratio)
Not specified 
Portability of results (Generalizability)
Not specified 
Financial impact analysis
Finansical consequences on the health budgets as a consequence of using the product should be provided 
Mandatory or recommended or voluntary

Acknowledgement: Alban A, Gyldmark M, Pedersen AV, Søgaard J. The Danish approach to standards for economic evaluation methodologies. Pharmacoeconomics. 1997 Dec;12(6):627-36.

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